Alphabetical list of terms you may encounter in PMP with their definitions.



PMP XTRA

401(k)

A 401(k) plan is a company-sponsored retirement account that employees can contribute to. Employers may also make matching contributions.
// Source: Investopedia


PMP XTRA

CETA

Some 98% of all tariffs on goods traded between Canada and the EU have become duty free. Most tariffs were removed when the agreement came into force a year ago. All will be removed within seven years.
// Source: BBC News


PMP XTRA

Computer Misuse Act 1990

An Act to make provision for securing computer material against unauthorised access or modification; and for connected purposes.
// Source: Legislation.gov.uk


PMP XTRA

Denial-of-service attack (DOS)

A denial-of-service attack occurs when legitimate users are unable to access information systems, devices, or other network resources due to the actions of a malicious cyber threat actor. Services affected may include email, websites, online accounts (e.g., banking), or other services that rely on the affected computer or network.
// Source: National Cyber Awareness System


PMP XTRA

Distributed denial-of-service attack (DDOS)

A distributed denial-of-service attack is one of the most powerful weapons on the internet. When you hear about a website being “brought down by hackers,” it generally means it has become a victim of a DDoS attack. In short, this means that hackers have attempted to make a website or computer unavailable by flooding or crashing the website with too much traffic.
// Source: Norton


PMP XTRA

Doxxing

Doxxing is when someone acquires sensitive personal data about you, then threatens to publish it online unless you pay a fee.
// Source: Avast


PMP XTRA

EBITDA

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization. A measure of a company's overall financial performance and is used as an alternative to simple earnings or net income in some circumstances.
// Source: Investopedia


PMP XTRA

Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP)

EU’s GSP removes import duties from products coming into the EU market from vulnerable developing countries. This helps developing countries to alleviate poverty and create jobs based on international values and principles, including labour and human rights.
// Source: European Commission


PMP XTRA

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws were a collection of state and local statutes that legalized racial segregation. Named after a black minstrel show character, the laws—which existed for about 100 years, from the post-Civil War era until 1968—were meant to marginalize African Americans by denying them the right to vote, hold jobs, get an education or other opportunities. Those who attempted to defy Jim Crow laws often faced arrest, fines, jail sentences, violence and death.
// Source: History.com


PMP XTRA

Private Finance Initiatives

A private finance initiative is a method of providing funds for major capital investments, where private firms complete and manage public projects.
// Source: Investopedia


PMP XTRA

Schadenfreude

The pleasure derived by someone from another person’s misfortune.
// Source: Oxford Dictionary